Characterisation of the Spectral-Temporal Pattern of the Crambe Crop Using Hyperspectral Sensors

  •  Octavio Viana    
  •  Erivelto Mercante    
  •  Henrique Felipetto    
  •  Douglas Kusminski    
  •  Helmuth Bleil Jr    


Crambe is an oleaginous plant mainly cultivated in Brazil due to its oil characteristics that provide stability to oxidation, qualifying it for the use in a variety of products. Understanding the spectral-temporal pattern of the crambe crop is important to identify and quantify already cultivated areas via remote sensing. This study spectrally characterised the plant, seeking to relate the spectral pattern to the phenological stages of the crop throughout its development. The spectral information was obtained by passive terrestrial sensors in two harvests, thus generating a spectral-temporal pattern and the crambe temporal profile through the vegetation indices NDVI and SAVI. During the phenological stages of the seedling and the beginning of the vegetative growth, the red spectral band showed higher values of reflectance; this occurred because the crop had not yet completely covered the soil. Stages at the end of the vegetative growth and the beginning of the flowering, there was a higher reflectance in the near infrared and a lower reflectance in the mid-infrared. For the granulation and maturation stages, the reflectance in the mean and near infrared reduced due to leaf senescence and loss of cellular water content. The NDVI and SAVI temporal profiles demonstrate linear growth up to the vegetative peak, which occurs between the end of the phenological stage of the vegetative growth and the beginning of the flowering and highest amount of green biomass. At the beginning of grain formation and filling, yellowing of leaves and senescence, granulation and maturation stages, the values reduced.

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