Essential Oil Variation in Brazilian Varronia curassavica Jacq. in Response to Drying and Edaphoclimatic Conditions

  •  Teomar Duarte da Silva    
  •  Michele Trombin de Souza    
  •  Mireli Trombin de Souza    
  •  Roger Raupp Cipriano    
  •  Humberto Ribeiro Bizzo    
  •  Cicero Deschamps    


Varronia curassavica Jacq. (Boraginaceae) is a native species of the Atlantic Forest with medical importance. This study determined the essential oil variation of 16 populations of V. curassavica of restinga in Santa Catarina, Brazil, in response to drying and edaphoclimatic conditions. The populations supplied essential oil with a content between 0.27 to 1.15% in the summer and from 0.33 to 1.12% in the winter. 41 chemical compounds were identified in the summer and 40 in the winter. The compounds were grouped into 4 chemical classes in each station studied. The common chemical constituents found in the essential oil of all populations and in both seasons were α-thujene, α-pinene, sabinene, α-humulene, (E)-cariophylene, spatulenol, mircene, allo-aromadendrene, β-sesquifelandreno and α-zingiberene. Cluster analysis using the nearest neighbor method based on Euclidean distance grouped the 16 populations into 3 groups in the summer and 8 groups in the winter. As the habitats have distinct pedological characteristics, we identified that pH, organic matter, sum of bases and base saturation are associated with the synthesis of (E)-caryophyllene, α-humulene, and allo-aromadendrene from populations.

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