Two Explicit Characterizations of the General Nonnegative-Definite Covariance Matrix Structure for Equality of BLUEs, WLSEs, and LSEs

  •  Phil D. Young    
  •  Joshua D. Patrick    
  •  Dean M. Young    


We provide a new, concise derivation of necessary and sufficient conditions for the explicit characterization of the general nonnegative-definite covariance structure V of a general Gauss-Markov model with E(y) and Var(y) such that the best linear unbiased estimator, the weighted least squares estimator, and the least squares estimator of Xβ are identical. In addition, we derive a representation of the general nonnegative-definite covariance structure V defined above in terms of its Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-7032
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-7040
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

Journal Metrics

  • h-index (December 2021): 20
  • i10-index (December 2021): 51
  • h5-index (December 2021): N/A
  • h5-median(December 2021): N/A

( The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Click Here to Learn More. )