Land Use and Land Cover Changes at Hova Farm in Bindura District, Zimbabwe

  •  Produce Mukwenyi    
  •  Wisemen Chingombe    
  •  Ezra Pedzisai    
  •  Reniko Gondo    
  •  Remigios Mangizvo    


Land use and land cover (LULC) change analyses are critical for the sustainable planning and management of natural resources in the face of rapid population growth across the globe. It is believed that LULC changes cause severe environmental challenges such as climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, alteration to the physical and chemical properties of the soil as well as the destruction of the ozone layer. The main objective of the study was to assess the LULC changes at Hova Farm from 1992 to 2011 using geospatial technologies. Three Landsat images for 1992, 2001, and EMT+ for 2011 were used. The Landsat images had a resolution of 30m by 30m. Five LULC classes of woodland, wooded grassland, cultivated land, bushland and water body were created using the supervised classification maximum likelihood in ENVI 5.0. Field observation and measurements were also used to validate remotely sensed data. The accuracy assessment for the classified maps for 1992, 2001 and 2011 was 88.74%, 86, 67% and 87% respectively. The results indicated that the greatest LULC changes occurred between 1992 and 2001 and was attributed to the fast-track land reform programme and illegal mining activities on the farm. The study recommends the creation of a LULC database for the periodic monitoring and sustainable management of natural resources at both local and national levels in Zimbabwean.

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