The Potential of Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) Extracts as Biocontrol on the Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus

  •  Saifeldin El-Nagerabi    
  •  Abdulkadir Elshafie    
  •  Suleiman AlKhanjari    
  •  Saif Al-Bahry    
  •  Mohamed Elamin    


Moulds and associated mycotoxins, especially aflatoxins, are important factors that advesely affect food and feed produced from contaminated plant and animal prodcuts. They are lethal to humans and animals, which emphasizes the great concern in food and feed production. In this study, the effects of baobab (Adansonia digitata) extracts on the vegetative growth and aflatoxin secretion by A. flavus (SQU21) and A. parasiticus (CBS921.7) strains were exzmined. Different concentrations of baobab fruit extract (1.5, 3, 5, and 7% w/v) and essential oil (0.5, 1, 3 and 5% v/v) was used. Fruit extract of baobab apparently inhibited the total aflatoxin secretion up to 20.4-68.5% for A. flavus and 11.9-69.1% for A. parasiticus, whereas the inhibition of aflatoxin B1 production ranged between 29.9-79.2% and 13-68% for the two strains, respectively. The highest inhibition levels of total aflatoxin and aflatoxin B1 secretion by A. flavus (47.2-95.7%; 28.1-89.7%) and A. parasiticus (42.7-93.3%; 25.9-80.2%) were obtained with essential oil extracted from baobab seeds. The two extracts significantly reduced the vegetative growth and the mycelial dry weights of selected fungi. This indicates the antifungal activity and inhibitory effect of baobab on the growth and aflatoxin production by the two toxigenic strains. Thus, fruit extract and essential oil of A. digitata can be suggested as potentially effective biocontrol and biopreservative substrates against food and feed contamination by aflatoxigenic moulds.

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