Earnings Transparency, Cost of Debt and Cost of Equity: A Cross-Country Examination

  •  Eduardo Flores    
  •  Joelson Oliveira Sampaio    
  •  Aziz Xavier Beiruth    
  •  Aldy Fernandes da Silva    


This study evaluates the effect of earnings transparency on the cost of debt (Ki) and cost of equity (Ke). Previous literature has demonstrated that earnings transparency can reduce the Ke, especially in very well-developed stock markets. However, our main hypothesis is that this finding does not necessarily remain the same when considering the Ki. More specifically, this is because investors and creditors have different interests, concerns, and views about financial statements and accounting procedures. Using two proxies of earnings transparency, our findings support this conjecture, indicating that while an increase in earnings transparency reduces the Ke, this relationship does not keep that same impact on Ki. This study has implications for standard setters, debt holders and companies regarding the changes stemming from IFRS convergence, contributing to the prior literature which indicate that creditors and investors need different kind of information due to the distinct decision-making process.

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