The Effect of Magnetic Field on the Thermodynamic Properties of Three-Dimensional GaAs Quantum Dot

  •  M. M. Al Shorman    


The problem of parabolically single three-dimensional semiconductor GaAs quantum dot in the presence of an external magnetic field and including the spin of the electron is studied using canonical formalism. The energy spectrum is obtained as a function of temperature and magnetic field. It is observed that the system tends to absorb the largest amount of heat at critical values of the magnetic field which depends on the temperature. A schottky-like anomaly in heat capacity is observed at low temperature, while at high temperature it converges rapidly and saturates. It was also found that the entropy is inversely proportional to the magnetic field strength, also entropy showed exciting behavior at low temperature, a shoulder is observed which becomes curvier when the magnetic field decreases. However, at high temperature, entropy increases monotonically with temperature and becomes essentially independent of the magnetic field. The substantial effect of magnetic field on the magnetic properties of quantum dot is observed at low temperature. It is shown that, magnetization increases significantly at low temperature and shows strong dependence on magnetic field, while its magnitude increases as the temperature increases and reduces to zero regardless the value of magnetic field strength. In addition, at low temperature susceptibility peaks and is found to be paramagnetic and at high temperature the diamagnetic state is found to be a favored state of the system and susceptibility becomes completely independent of magnetic field. It is also shown that for a fixed value of temperature, susceptibility increases rapidly with magnetic field and beyond a critical value of magnetic field, the increase becomes much slower, susceptibility exhibits a crossing behavior, and magnetization shows a significant drop as the magnetic field increases. So far, no study has been made in literature on the effect of magnetic field on the thermal and magnetic properties of three-dimensional quantum dot.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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