Proximate Composition and Sensory Properties of Complementary Food Formulated From Malted Pre-Gelatinized Maize, Soybean and Carrot Flours

Patience Chisa Obinna-Echem, Lucretia I Barber, Confidence I. Enyi

Abstract


The nutrient and sensory properties of malted pre-gelatinized maize supplemented with varying amounts of soy and carrot flour was evaluated. The blends (Malted pre-gelatinized maize flour : Soy flour : Carrot flour) in grams were: A (80: 20: 0), B (73.125: 23.125: 3.75), C (66.250: 26.250: 7.50), D (65.625: 23.125:11.25), E (65: 20:15), F (63.125: 33.125: 3.75), G (63.125:25.625: 11.25), H (60: 25: 15) and I (100:0:0). There were significant (P ≤ 0.5) differences in the proximate composition of the blends. The moisture content ranged between 3.55 - 8.10%. The protein content of the samples increased (P ≤ 0.5) with the increase in soy substitution and varied from 11.61% for the control (sample I) to 21.53% for sample F. The fat, ash and crude fibre content of the blends varied from 1.68 - 10.86, 1.45 - 2.8 and 0.20 - 4.40% respectively. The control had significantly (P ≤ 0.5) the highest carbohydrate content of 75.61%, while it varied between 55.30 and 71.60 % for others. The energy values varied from 360.43 - 405.00 Kcal/g. The sensory scores were based on a 9-point hedonic scale, with 1 and 9 expressed as dislike extremely and like extremely. The assessors’ likeness for the sensory attributes (colour, texture, taste, aroma and general acceptability) was below neither like nor dislike. This study revealed that substitution with soybeans and carrot flours increased the nutrient composition of the malted pre-gelatinized maize, soybean and carrot flour blends. Particularly the soy flour as sample F with the highest soy flour substitution (33. 123g) had significantly the highest protein (21.53%), fat (10.86%) and energy (405 Kcal/g) values. This would be recommended for good quality porridge. Although, the sensory analysis revealed the need for further investigation on processing methods especially the malting process as to enhance the overall acceptability of the product. 


Keywords


Complementary food; malted pre-gelatinized maize; carrot soybean flour; proximate composition; sensory properties

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v7n2p17

Copyright (c) 2018 Patience Chisa Obinna-Echem, Lucretia I Barber

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0895 (Online)  E-mail: jfr@ccsenet.org

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