Bioactive Peptides by in vitro Digestion of Germinated Bean Cotyledons Extrudates

Lidia Lopez-Barrios, Erick Heredia-Olea, Daniel Guajardo-Flores, Esther Perez-Carrillo, Janet A Gutiérrez Uribe

Abstract


Germinated black bean cotyledons were extruded at two different screw speeds (350 or 400 rpm). Extrudates were digested with pepsin and pancreatin to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of hydrolysates collected at 0, 60, 90, 120 and, 180 min. Soluble protein recovered before the enzymatic digestion of extrudates obtained at 350 rpm (E1), or 400 rpm (E2) showed the highest antioxidant (AOX) capacity, with 2,790 or 2,335 µmol eq Trolox/g, respectively and the best nitrogen oxide inhibitory. Even though extrudates presented different peptides profiles, the enzymatic digestion of the storage proteins released similar peptides. RLL and YAL were among the identified peptides obtained after 180 min of enzymatic digestion. Extrusion can be a useful process to produce novel functional ingredients from legume proteins for the food industry.


Keywords


anti-inflammatory activity; antioxidant activity; black beans; extrusion; legumin; peptides; protein hydrolysates

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v7n1p76

Copyright (c) 2017 Erick Heredia

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0895 (Online)  E-mail: jfr@ccsenet.org

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