Dietary Content and Potential Health Risks of Metals in Commercial Black Tea in Kampala (Uganda)

Michael Bamuwamye, Patrick Ogwok, Vivian Tumuhairwe, Richard Eragu, Henriettah Nakisozi, Patrick E. Ogwang

Abstract


Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze) is among the most widely consumed non-alcoholic beverages. It is a rich source of essential dietary elements mainly potassium and manganese. Tea may also contain toxic metals such as cadmium and lead which pose a threat to human health because of their toxicity. Twenty samples of commercial black tea in Kampala city were randomly obtained and analysed for potassium, sodium, aluminium, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, mercury, manganese, nickel, lead and zinc using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. Human health risks due to exposure to toxic elements from daily consumption of tea were determined using incremental lifetime cancer risk and non-cancer hazard quotient. Metal contents of black tea sold in Kampala were below international regulatory limits. The estimated daily intake of the elements in two grams of black tea was below the recommended values. Hazard quotient and hazard index were within acceptable range. Total cancer risk levels for all the teas were also within United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) acceptable range. Daily consumption of one cup containing two grams of black tea over a lifetime will promote consumer overall health and wellbeing.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v6n6p1

Copyright (c) 2017 Michael Bamuwamye, Patrick Ogwok, Vivian Tumuhairwe, Richard Eragu, Henriettah Nakisozi, Patrick E. Ogwang

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0895 (Online)  E-mail: jfr@ccsenet.org

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