The Effect of Buffalo Meat on Composition, Instrumental and Sensory Characteristics of Traditional Greek Sausages

D. Petridis, A. Zotos, B. Skapetas, V. A. Bampidis

Abstract


Five (5) mixtures of buffalo / pork meat (70/0, 52.5/17.5, 35/35, 17.5/52.5 and 0/70), maintaining stable the amount of pork backfat, were prepared and analyzed for their chemical composition, fatty acids profile, instrumental parameters and sensory attributes. The results of the study showed that the addition of buffalo meat produced sausages with higher protein and less fat content. A slight decrease in ?6/?3 ratio was observed and an increase in CLA fatty acids. Principal Component Analysis revealed that the lower fat content in the sausages the higher the levels of CLA18:10trans 12cis and CLA18:9cis 11trans, whereas, SFA is abundant at the highest fat levels. Redness and hardness instrumentally increased in the sausages with the addition of buffalo meat, while juiciness decreased, probably due to the decreased lipid content. The mixture with the ratio of 52.5/17.5 buffalo/pork positively maximized sensorial consistency, elasticity and cohesiveness of the traditional sausages, while the addition of 70.0/0.0 mixture, hardness and redness.


Keywords


Greek buffalo meat, traditional Greek sausages, FAME, instrumental, sensory

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v4n3p26

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887(Print)   ISSN 1927-0895(Online)

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