Effects of Buffalo and Cow Milk Mixtures Enriched With Sodium Caseinates on the Physicochemical, Rheological and Sensory Properties of a Stirred Yogurt Product

Dimitris Petridis, Georgia Dimitreli, Kalliopi Vlahvei, Christodoulos Deligeorgakis

Abstract


The physicochemical, rheological and sensory (objective and hedonic) properties of stirred yogurt made from buffalo and cow milk mixtures enriched with Sodium Caseinates (SCN) were evaluated. Five different milk mixtures (buffalo:cow; 0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25, 100:0) with or without the addition of 1% SCN were fermented so as to produce 10 different yogurt samples. According to the results, SCN addition increased the brightness (L*), the elastic behavior, the viscosity (instrumental and sensory) and the flow behavior index (n), while it reduced the yellow color intensity (b*) of yogurt samples. Addition of milk affected significantly all the instrumental variables apart from the green color intensity (a*) and so happened but sparsely with the interactive effects between milk mixture and SCN addition. Redundancy analysis was proved a successful tool to elucidate the complex physicochemical, rheological and sensory profile of the stirred yogurt samples. Loss tanget (tan ?) and b* were indicative for high cow milk concentrations and the rest of attributes fashion with high buffalo milk concentrations, apart from n which favored samples with high cow milk enrichment and SCN addition. Panelists prefered adequately a stirred yogurt rich in buffalo milk concentration (75-100%) and low in cow milk (0-25%), enriched with SCN, with texture perceived as adequate fatty and viscous.


Keywords


buffalo milk, cow milk, stirred yogurt, sodium caseinates, rheological properties, sensory properties, redundancy analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v3n6p54

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887(Print)   ISSN 1927-0895(Online)

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