Evaluation of Geographic Origin of Torrontés Wines by Chemometrics
- Silvana Azcarate
- Miguel Cantarelli
- Eduardo Marchevsky
- José Camiña
This work discusses the determination of the provenance of commercial Torrontés wines from different Argentinean provinces (Mendoza, San Juan, Salta and Rio Negro) by the use of UV-vis spectroscopy and chemometric techniques. In order to find classification models, wines (n = 80) were analyzed using UV-Vis region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were used to classify Torrontés wines according to their geographical origin. Classification rates obtained were highly satisfactory. The PLS-DA and LDA calibration models showed that 100% of the Mendoza, San Juan, Salta and Rio Negro Torrontés wine samples had been correctly classified. These results demonstrate the potential use of UV spectroscopy with chemometric data analysis as a method to classify Torrontés wines according to their geographical origin, a procedure which requires low-cost equipment and short-time analysis in comparison with other techniques.
- Bella DongEditorial Assistant