Mixing Properties and Gluten Yield of Dough Enriched with Pea Protein Isolates

Samuel Mercier, Sébastien Villeneuve, Martin Mondor, Hélène Drolet, Denis Ippersiel, François Lamarche, Louis-Philippe Des Marchais

Abstract


Over the last few years, many studies were carried out on the use of legume-based ingredients to supplement cereal-based matrices and produce nutritionally enhanced products. However, little is known about the influence of supplementation on the mixing properties of the enriched cereal-based matrices. The objective of this work was to study the impact of supplementing cereal-based matrices with commercial pea protein isolate or pea protein isolate produced by ultrafiltration/diafiltration using a 50 kDa membrane on the dough mixing properties. Studies were performed using a PertenÒ Glutomatic to estimate gluten yield, namely in terms of gluten index, wet gluten, dry gluten and water binding capacity, and using a BrabenderÒ Farinograph to estimate water absorption, dough development time, stability, mixing tolerance index and minimum and maximum water content for dough formation. Four levels of pea protein isolate enrichment were considered: 0, 5, 10 and 15%. Results indicated that level of enrichment has little effect on measured mixing properties compared to the pea protein isolates considered. Isolate processed by membrane technologies takes part to the dough formation which does not seem to be the case with commercial isolate. Higher amount of water is required for dough formation with matrices enriched with commercial pea isolate compared to membrane processed isolate, while stronger dough properties are observed for matrices enriched with membrane processed isolate. This is attributable to the properties of the isolate, namely solubility and state of the proteins (native or denatured), which could impact how they interact with wheat proteins.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v1n1p13

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Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887(Print)   ISSN 1927-0895(Online)

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