Impact of Industrial Revolutions on Food Machinery - An Overview

  •  Afam I. O. Jideani    
  •  Awelani P. Mutshinyani    
  •  Ntsako P. Maluleke    
  •  Zwivhuya P. Mafukata    
  •  Mkateko V. Sithole    
  •  Mashudu U. Lidovho    
  •  Edwin K. Ramatsetse    
  •  Monica M. Matshisevhe    


The industrial revolutions occurring at specific periods impacted differently on food industry machinery, including analytical and innovative scientific equipment, and had significant effects on food manufacturing. The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) unlike the other industrial revolutions (1IR, 2IR, and 3IR) has a faster significant impact and niches on artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), blockchain, robotics, the internet of things (IoT), digitalization, big data, autonomous vehicles, additive manufacturing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and 3D food printing technologies. Going forward would require more mechatronic engineers as process technicians, particularly in paperless processes and automation of the digital rich future.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0887
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0895
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

Journal Metrics

Google-based Impact Factor (2019): 0.73

h-index (January 2020): 26

i10-index (January 2020): 128

h5-index (January 2020): 15  

h5-median(January 2020): 19

( The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Click Here to Learn More. )