Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Activity of Mixed Oil of Safou (Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) H.J. Lam) from Several Trees


  •  Alain Serges Ondo-Azi    
  •  Crépin Ella Missang    
  •  Thomas Silou    

Abstract

The valorization of lipids can be highlighted by industrial exploitation of safou pulp, very rich in these. However, the low yield of safou trees is lacking. It’s necessary to estimate the technological potentialities of the oil obtained in order to describe the nutritional value and potential exploitation of this oil. Physical and chemical characteristics of this oil were examined. The aim of our study was to extract oil from fruits of several safou fruits and prepared a unique sample. This sample was essayed for its physicochemical properties and antioxidant activity. Results showed that the refractive index was 1.4693. The density and viscosity values were 0.9 mg/mL and 31.08 mPa/s, respectively. Acid and peroxide values were 6.17 mg KOH/g and 31.46 meq O2/kg. Gas chromatography revealed that the major fatty acids were C16:0 (44.23%), C18:1 (30.50%), and C18:2 (19.62%). Triacylglycerols were the most important lipids (88.88% of total lipids). Spectrometric assessment of color led to the remarkable presence of the peaks associated with the visible absorption of carotenoids near 530 nm and chlorophyll pigments located between 610 and 670 nm. Antioxidant activity and DPPH radical scavenging activities of safou oil were exanimate. So, oil mixtures can be used, while varietal delimitation and mix some varieties for oil industry.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0887
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0895
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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