Eastern Indian and Afghan Women in Management: A Quantitative Inquiry on Their Leadership Proficiencies and Propensities

  •  Belal A. Kaifi    
  •  Bahaudin G. Mujtaba    


Women make up around fifty percent of the workplace in most large firms, especially in developing economies.
Afghan and Indian women are in professional and management ranks of most industries. This study focused on
the technical, human, and conceptual skills of women from Afghanistan and India to see if cultural differences
and socialization in different political, economical, educational, and social systems can be a significant
influencing factor. The researchers attempted to address whether Afghan and Indian women have similar or
different orientations in management skills. The results of 202 respondents show that these two groups have
significantly different management and leadership skills. Indian women scored extremely high on technical skills
and Afghan women scored high on conceptual skills. Implications for researchers, managers, and human
resource professionals are presented.

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