Learners’ Starting Age of Learning EFL and Use of Language Learning Strategies

Karim Sadeghi, Zainab Abolfazli Khonbi


This study investigated the use of language learning strategies (LLS) and reasons for learning English among Iranian EFL students who began learning English at different ages. The participants (N = 33, both male and female) were divided into two groups of younger beginners (who began learning English before age 9; N = 16) and older beginners (who began learning English at or after age 12; N = 17). They were invited to complete Oxford’s (1990) Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire and to take part in a structured interview. While the students’ choices of LLS were identified both through the questionnaire and interviews, their reasons for strategy use and their goals in learning English were determined using the interviews alone. Data analysis indicated that there were differences in LLS categories employed by the groups. Further findings and implications are discussed in the paper.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v6n1p28

Copyright (c) 2013 Karim Sadeghi, Zainab Abolfazli Khonbi

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

English Language Teaching       ISSN 1916-4742 (Print)   ISSN  1916-4750 (Online)

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