Causal Attributions for Failure and the Effect of Gender among Moroccan EFL University Learners

Abdelaziz Zohri


This paper reports a study that sought to investigate Moroccan university learners’ perceptions of failure. 333 subjects studying English at university ranked their perceptions of failure in a Causal Attribution Scale of University Failure (CASUF). The results show that Moroccan learners attribute their failure to teachers’ attitude, effort, interest and pressure. Factors like social problems, lack of teachers’ help and ability were not important. The study also investigated the link between gender and causal attributions of failure. Overall, male and female students reported similar causes. Still, some gender differences were detected.

Full Text:



Copyright (c) 2011 Abdelaziz Zohri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

English Language Teaching       ISSN 1916-4742 (Print)   ISSN  1916-4750 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.