Relationship between Pre-Cystoscopy Anxiety and Post-Cystoscopy Pain: A Cross Sectional Study
- Abolfazl Amini
- Seyed Naser Seyed Esmaieli
- Ramin Bayat
- Mohammad Hosseinkhani
- Ali Ghaempanah
Introduction: Cystoscopy is one of the common procedure in diagnosis and treatment of problem related to urinary tract, pre-cystoscopy anxiety is a very common problem, despite evidences shows suitable intervention for post-cystoscopy pain but enough pain relief still remains as a problem, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pre-cystoscopy anxiety and post-cystoscopy pain among patients who was hospitalized for cystoscopy.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study and sampling of this study was done in April 2017 to April 2018 in surgical unit of amiralmoemenin hospital in zanjan, Iran, using non-probability convenience Sampling method, 61 patients aged 16-45 years old who was hospitalized for cystoscopy was recruited in this study. Pre-cystoscopy anxiety was assessed by spilberger (STAI) questionnaire and post-cystoscopy pain measured by pain visual analogs scale (VAS).
Results: The mean (SD) age of men and females were 43.81 (14.68), 44.88 (13.61) years old, respectively The relationship between state anxiety and post cystoscopy pain was direct and significant (p<0.05). The relationship between trait anxiety and post cystoscopy pain was direct and significant too (p<0.05).
Conclusion: the state and trait Anxiety of patients who were hospitalized for cystoscopy could increases the intensity of patients' pain in post-cystoscopy.
- Grace BrownEditorial Assistant