The Future of Freshwater in Shatt Al- Arab River (Southern Iraq)

  •  Safaa Al-Asadi    


This study uses data from the current rate of population growth, agricultural development and effects of climate change to estimate the future of water demand and the amount of available water in the Shatt Al-Arab River basin. The Shatt Al-Arab River will be facing a freshwater deficit as a result of the decrease of water received from its tributaries. Currently, the river receives freshwater from the Tigris only, as a result to dam construction projects on the tributaries remaining. In 2040, it is expected that the freshwater from the Tigris will not be available to the Shatt Al-Arab; therefore the intrusion of seawater into the river will increase. This may cause a gradual change of water quality in the river from freshwater to seawater. When the Shatt Al-Arab River loses freshwater from all its tributaries the seawater will progress further from Persian Gulf towards the upstream.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9779
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9787
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

Journal Metrics

(The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations)

Google-based Impact Factor (2018): 11.90

h-index (January 2018): 17

i10-index (January 2018): 36

h5-index (January 2018): 13

h5-median(January 2018): 15