Age Differences in Women’s Anger Experience and Expression

  •  A. Antonio González-Prendes    
  •  Nancy Praill    
  •  Poco Kernsmith    


Research on women’s anger is relative scarce. In this study the authors examined differences in anger experience
and expression in women across three distinct age groups: 18-30, 31-49, and 50 and above. The authors used the
State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2) to survey a sample of 239 women in the United States and
Canada. The groups were established according to hypothesized transitional life stages of changing
responsibilities and expectations. A MANCOVA was used to test the effect of age and covariates of education,
employment, relationship status, and country of residence on participants’ experience and expression of anger.
The authors discuss limitations relative to sampling strategies as well as sample demographics and size, and
discuss implications the implications of the findings for practice and future research.

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