Activity of Naturally Derived Antimicrobial Peptides against Filamentous Fungi Relevant for Agriculture

Patricia Larrañaga, Paola Díaz-Dellavalle, Andrea Cabrera, Diego Alem, Carolina Leoni, André Luis Almeida-Souza, Salvatore Giovanni-De-Simone, Marco Dalla-Rizza

Abstract


The search for environmentally biocompatible and cost-effective methods to control filamentous fungi in agriculture is becoming increasingly urgent. In vitro antimicrobial activity of three synthetic peptides was investigated against some filamentous fungi with agricultural relevance. The peptides were an analog of Temporin called Temporizina, a fragment from Pleurocidin termed Plc-2, and a peptide identified from sesame seeds named Pses3. Antimicrobial activity of these peptides towards filamentous fungi has not been previously reported. Seven plant pathogenic or mycotoxigenic fungal species, isolated from plant tissues were assayed: Alternaria solani, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fulvia fulvum, Fusarium oxisporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and Penicillium digitatum. Values of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined and compared with the commercially available fungicide Captan as a positive control. The peptides showing greatest inhibition were Pses3 and Plc-2 and C. gloesporioides was the most sensitive of the evaluated fungi. The MICvalues for Plc-2 and Pses3 peptides ranged from 0.64 µM to 10.25 µM. These values were much lower than those observed for Captan, suggesting the potential of these peptides as fungicides. In particular, Pses3 is a novel peptide derived from sesame seeds not reported in databases.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/sar.v1n2p211

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Sustainable Agriculture Research   ISSN 1927-050X (Print)   ISSN 1927-0518 (Online)

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