Validation of the PANAS: A Measure of Positive and Negative Affect for Use with Cross-National Older Adults

Sofia von Humboldt, Ana Monteiro, Isabel Leal


Objectives: Positive and negative affect is a relevant facet of well-being for community-dwelling older adults. This article reports the validation of the Positive And Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), by means of confirmatory analysis.

Methods: A community-dwelling cross-national sample of 1291 older adults aged 75 years-old and older voluntarily completed the PANAS. The relations between variables in the model were evaluated using structural equation based on maximum likelihood estimation. The distributional properties, cross-sample stability, internal reliability, and convergent, external and criterion-related validities of the PANAS were analyzed and found to be psychometrically acceptable.

Results: Our results outcomes support for the hypothesis that the PANAS is valid and reliable in the two 10-item mood scales, hence fit for use with older adults, within a culturally diverse view of well-being.

Conclusions: The psychometric properties of the PANAS are satisfactory in this older sample, and according to those of its early version. Taken together, these results substantiate the validity of this measure when applied to an older community cross-national population.

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Copyright (c) 2017 Sofia von Humboldt, Ana Monteiro, Isabel Leal

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Review of European Studies   ISSN 1918-7173 (Print)   ISSN 1918-7181 (Online)

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