Impact of Kazakhstan’s Integration into the Eurasian Economic Community on the Competitiveness of the Country’s Agriculture


  •  Alma Batanovna Temyrbekova    
  •  Erkyn Batanovich Temyrbek    
  •  Nurzhamal Buribaevna Tastandieva    
  •  Kuat Zhumabekovich Jandosov    
  •  Nur Anvarbekovich Aldabergenov    

Abstract

The aim of the article is to identify the impact of Kazakhstan’s integration into the Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC) on the competitiveness of the country’s agriculture. To achieve target aim scientific works of foreign scholars on the problems of integration and its impact on the national economy have been analyzed. The study found that regional integration has positive and negative effects that can lead to further progressive development of the country and its industries, but also exacerbate existing conflicts and crises. To evaluate the adaptability of Agriculture of Kazakhstan to the country’s membership in the EAEC, indicators of industry competitiveness were analyzed: crop yields, livestock productivity, profitability, amount of state support, index of net exports, production of main agricultural products per capita. It was revealed that in agriculture of Kazakhstan competitiveness is lower than in Russia and Belarus in many positions. The world economy has positive experience of management and development of agriculture in terms of integration. Good example is the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), conducted in the European Union, thanks to which Europe hasn’t simply provided itself with all the necessary food, but has become a major supplier of agricultural products to the world market. The article proves the positions of the CAP, which are recommended for use within the EAEC. Currently, in order to support agriculture in Kazakhstan it is necessary to create incentives for the consolidation of small farms, contribute to increase in incomes and salaries for farmers and agricultural workers, increase the amount of state support, significantly expand the range of agricultural products, purchased by the state.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1918-7173
  • ISSN(Online): 1918-7181
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: quarterly

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