State Official – Public Official – Pedagogic Official Development of the Teaching Profession in Austria, France and Germany in the 18th Century

Ulrich Binder


What fundamental factors make up the teaching profession? This is a question that is currently at the heart of various pedagogic and also public debates. This work will look at the role, duty and ethics of the teaching profession – subjects that are widely discussed today – in terms of their historical contexts. The focus will be on the 18th century, which was the period when the modern teaching profession began to develop in Europe. With this, three lines of development will be reconstructed, which depict the profession as a state department, a public service and an appointee of pedagogic service; three perspectives that have shaped the profession in a dynamic way to this very day.

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Review of European Studies   ISSN 1918-7173 (Print)   ISSN 1918-7181 (Online)

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