Factorial Validity for the Morale Spirit Scale: The Case for Physical Education Faculty Members in Jordanian Universities


  •  Aman Khasawneh    
  •  Ziad Altahayneh    
  •  Abedalbasit Abedalhafiz    
  •  Ahmed Okor    

Abstract

This research study has fulfilled the purpose of determining the construction validity of the morale spirit scale (MSS). Ninety faculty members from colleges of physical education at Jordanian universities were chosen to participate in this study. An ex-post facto design is being chosen for this study. The MSS consists of 41 items that measure different dimensions of morale spirit among faculty members. Oblique rotation factoring principle axis was used to disclose instrument’s underlying structure. The major findings of this research study revealed six factor solution explaining 72.825% of common variances. All the six factors were accepted according to the conditions of accepting factors. These six factors were named morale as reflection of faculty and department’s administration, the relations between the faculty members, promotions and incentives and salaries, working environment and conditions, regulations and instructions, and the trend toward self and toward the college and university factors.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1918-7173
  • ISSN(Online): 1918-7181
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: quarterly

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