Stability Characterization of Three Porous Layers Model in the Presence of Transverse Magnetic Field

  •  Ahmad R. AlHamdan    
  •  Sameh Alkharashi    


The current study concerns, the effect of a horizontal magnetic field on the stability of three horizontal finite layers of immiscible fluids in porous media. The problem examines few representatives of porous media, in which the porous media are assumed to be uniform, homogeneous and isotropic. The dispersion relations are derived using suitable boundary and surface conditions in the form of two simultaneous Mathieu equations of damping terms having complex coefficients. The stability conditions of the perturbed system of linear evolution equations  are investigated  both analytically and numerically and stability diagrams are obtained. The stability diagrams are discussed in detail in terms of various parameters governing the flow on the stability behavior of the system such as the streaming velocity, permeability of the porous medium and the magnetic properties. In the special case of uniform velocity, the fluid motion has been displayed in terms of streamlines concept, in which the streamlines contours are plotted. In the  uniform velocity motion, a fourth order polynomial equation with complex coefficients is obtained. According to the complexity of the mathematical treatments, when the periodicity of the velocity is taken into account, the method of multiple scales is applied to obtain stability solution for the considered system.
It is found that a stability effect is found for increasing, the magnetic permeability ratio, the magnetic field, and  the permeability parameter  while the opposite influence is observed for increasing the upper layer velocity.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9795
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9809
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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