Relationship between Pre-Cystoscopy Anxiety and Post-Cystoscopy Pain: A Cross Sectional Study


  •  Abolfazl Amini    
  •  Seyed Naser Seyed Esmaieli    
  •  Ramin Bayat    
  •  Mohammad Hosseinkhani    
  •  Ali Ghaempanah    

Abstract

Introduction: Cystoscopy is one of the common procedure in diagnosis and treatment of problem related to urinary tract, pre-cystoscopy anxiety is a very common problem, despite evidences shows suitable intervention for post-cystoscopy pain but enough pain relief still remains as a problem, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pre-cystoscopy anxiety and post-cystoscopy pain among patients who was hospitalized for cystoscopy.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study and sampling of this study was done in April 2017 to April 2018 in surgical unit of amiralmoemenin hospital in zanjan, Iran, using non-probability convenience Sampling method, 61 patients aged 16-45 years old who was hospitalized for cystoscopy was recruited in this study. Pre-cystoscopy anxiety was assessed by spilberger (STAI) questionnaire and post-cystoscopy pain measured by pain visual analogs scale (VAS).

Results: The mean (SD) age of men and females were 43.81 (14.68), 44.88 (13.61) years old, respectively The relationship between state anxiety and post cystoscopy pain was direct and significant (p<0.05). The relationship between trait anxiety and post cystoscopy pain was direct and significant too (p<0.05).

Conclusion: the state and trait Anxiety of patients who were hospitalized for cystoscopy could increases the intensity of patients' pain in post-cystoscopy.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1925-430X
  • ISSN(Online): 1925-4318
  • Started: 2011
  • Frequency: annual

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