Effects of Acute Low-Salinity Stress on the Activities of Catalase (CAT), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathiones-Transferase (GST) in Scapharca broughtonii

  •  Biao Wu    
  •  Aiguo Yang    
  •  Jingkai Yan    
  •  Zhihong Liu    
  •  Xiujun Sun    
  •  Liqing Zhou    
  •  Guangming Zhang    


Salinity is an important environmental factor of osmotic pressure which is closely related to growth and development of aquatic organisms. Some physiological studies regarding to challenge of salinity have been reported in marine shellfish. However, information about the effects of acute low-salinity stress on the enzyme activities in ark shell, Scapharca broughtonii, is still limited now. In this study, the enzyme activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathiones-transferase (GST) in five tested tissues of S. broughtonii under different salinity (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30‰) for different challenged time (24, 48, 72 and 96h) were investigated. The dynamic change of the three enzyme activities after challenged were further analyzed according to the detected data. Results revealed that low-salinity stress generated great change of CAT, SOD and GST activities in organism, but the change peculiarity in different tissues was different in some degree. Especially, two of the five tissues, hepatopancreas and foot, showed special characteristics responding to the low-salinity stress. It also showed that the variations of the three enzymes activities have tissue specificity and time sequentiality in S. broughtonii.

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  • ISSN(Print): 1925-430X
  • ISSN(Online): 1925-4318
  • Started: 2011
  • Frequency: annual

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