Developing Academic Motivation Scale for Learning Information Technology (AMSLIT): A Study of Validity and Reliability

Sinan Schreglmann

Abstract


This study aimed to develop Academic Motivation Scale for Learning Information Technology for university students. For this purpose, 120 randomly selected university students studying in different classes and faculties at KSU were invited to the study during the 2016-2017 academic year. To define the scale indicators students were asked to answer the question; “What are your motivations for learning information technologies?”. Four different academicians examined the answers in accordance with the self-determination theory and they created the item pool. After expert examinations and pilot studies, the scale was designed in Likert-type with 18 items in 6 categories. To analyze the construct validity of the scale, 824 randomly selected students among the freshmen at KSU were included in the sample of the research. Among those, 276 of the students were included in the exploratory factor analysis in the first step, 269 were involved to repeat the first step with a new sample, and 279 participated in the last step to carry out the confirmatory factor analysis. Although literature suggest three different types of motivation (extrinsic, intrinsic, and amotivation), in this study, it was found that the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation items were gathered together and expressed as a single factor named “Intrinsic-Occupational Motivation”. According to the results, the final state of the scale included 15 items in two sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions were named as “Intrinsic-Occupational Motivation” and “Amotivation”. It is understood from the analysis that the results derived from the scale have high reliability.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v7n4p145

Copyright (c) 2018 sinan schreglmann

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Education and Learning   ISSN 1927-5250 (Print)   ISSN 1927-5269 (Online)

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