Teacher Judgment of Reading Achievement: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Perspective

Alfred Valdez


Analyses were conducted, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K)
database, to compare teachers’ judgment of reading skill with direct measures of reading performance for
kindergarten, first grade, and third grade students. Teacher judgments of kindergarten students’ reading skill
significantly predicted first and third grade performance on direct reading measures. In addition, concurrent
validity quotients were moderate ranging from r = .58 to .71. These concurrent relationships were further
investigated to determine whether socioeconomic status (SES) or teacher experience significantly moderated the
concurrent validity estimates. While teacher experience did not significantly moderate the relationship between
teacher judgment and direct measures of reading, a small but significant moderation effect was found for SES.
That is, SES appeared to differentially bias estimates of reading skill. Judgment bias due to SES level appeared
to be greatest when teacher judgments were higher on the rating scale (i.e., proficient) for kindergarten and first
grade students. However, for third grade students, judgment bias due to SES was greatest for students lower on
the rating scale (i.e., skill not present).

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v2n4p186


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