Application of Needham’s Five Phase Constructivism Model in (Civil, Electrical and Mechanical) Engineering Subject at Technical Secondary School

Mohamad Hisyam Mohd Hashim, Mazni Kasbolah


The aim of this study is to find out the application of Constructivism Model based on the Needham’s Five Phase Constructivism Model in (Civil, Electrical and Mechanical) Engineering Studies at Technical Secondary School. The focus of this study is to describe the 5 (five) phases in this model which are orientation phase, generation of ideas, restructuring ideas, application of ideas and reflection phase. Qualitative research methodology is used in this study. A total of 40 teachers who teach Engineering Studies subject at Technical School in Selangor and Malacca were involved as a sample to this study. Questionnaires were used as the research instrument. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 17.0 and presented in the form of frequency, percentage and mean. This study show that teacher applied the Needham’s Five Phase Constructivism Model in Engineering Studies (mean = 3.63). In the other hand, the most often phase which applied in the teaching and learning process is the restructuring of idea phase (mean = 3.78) and the orientation phase (mean = 3:46) is a phase of less applied by teacher. Although the Needham’s Five Phase Constructivism Model is implemented by the teacher but there is still have some problems in implement the model (mean = 2.85). From the findings, it is suggested to the teachers to be exposed in a variety of teaching models that can improve the quality of teaching and learning process in the classroom.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jel.v1n1p117


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Education and Learning   ISSN 1927-5250 (Print)   ISSN 1927-5269 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.