The Effect of Coronavirus (Covid19) Outbreak on Education Systems: Evaluation of Distance Learning System in Turkey


  •  Enes BELTEKIN    
  •  İhsan KUYULU    

Abstract

Due to Covid19, measures have been taken to minimize interaction, maintain social isolation, and ensure interpersonal social distance. As a result of these decisions taken by the authorities, educational activities in Turkey were suspended at first. After some time, lessons were given in the form of distance learning on digital platforms. This research was carried out to evaluate the efficiency, positive and negative aspects of the distance learning system, and its shortcomings from the viewpoints of the students. 594 students, 139 of whom are from private universities, 455 of whom are from state universities, faculties of physical sciences and sports schools, participated in the study in the 2019-2020 academic year. In the research, a survey program known as “Web-Based Instructional Attitude Scale” was used to collect data for the purpose of the research. The data obtained at the end of the research was analyzed with the SPSS 22 statistics program and the significance level was taken as 0.05 among the variables. In order to get an idea about the distribution of the data, firstly the normality of the distributions, and then the skewness and kurtosis tests were examined. According to test results, Independent Sample T test was performed in binary comparisons, One-Way Variance Analysis analysis in multiple comparisons, and correlation test was used to determine the relationship between variables. According to the answers given by the students who participated in the study, although they now ensured that their education activities continue without disruption; It has been determined that the courses taught in the form of distance learning are not as effective as face-to-face education, they are insufficient in terms of efficiency for students, and technical problems in the system negatively affect students’ motivation to learn. As a result, no matter how practical the distance learning system is during times of crisis, it may not be as efficient as face-to-face education, and it requires more technical development and always be ready for use.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-5250
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-5269
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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