Measuring Parental Beliefs about the Developmental Significance of Preschool Children’s Daily Activities: The Children’s Daily Activities-Parental Beliefs Scale

Konstantinos Petrogiannis, Kalliroi Papadopoulou, Despina Papoudi


The study presents the Children’s Daily Activities-Parental Beliefs (CDA-PB) scale, a newly developed
instrument providing parental assessment of the developmental significance of family-based, preschool
children’s daily activities. These activities are considered as primary contexts for understanding children’s
learning and development and parental beliefs are critical for both the organization of such activities as well as
parents’ participation in them. Study informants were 383 mothers of preschool children attending daycare
centres and kindergartens in the greater Athens area in Greece. Mothers completed a self-report questionnaire
which included the CDA-PB and two other scales targeting at the report of the frequency of daily activities’
occurrence and mothers’ participation in them. Following a series of principal component analysis with varimax
rotation the final form of the CDA-PB scale consisted of 30 items loaded on five components representing the
perceived significance for certain types of activities, namely: “Household and self-care activities”, “Recurrent
outings”, “Pre-academic activities”, “Play activities”, and “Home entertainment activities”. In addition,
inter-correlations were revealed with the other two scales. Overall, the results are compatible with empirical
evidence from different cultural settings and provide initial support for the use of this scale. Limitations of the
present study and future research priorities are also addressed.

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Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology   ISSN 1927-0526 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0534 (Online)

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