Non-Identifiability of Simultaneous Spatial Autoregressive Model and Singularity of Fisher Information Matrix

Yuuki Rikimaru, Ritei Shibata


Simultaneous spatial autoregressive model is widely used for spatial data analysis, observed at a set of grid points in a space. However a problem, not so well known, is that there exists no unique model unlike time series AR model for given autocovariances or spectral density. We show that such a non-identifiability of the model implies existence of multiple maximum likelihood estimates under Gaussianity and causes non-estimability of parameters and the singularity of Fisher information matrix. Several types of necessary and sufficient conditions for the singularity are given.

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International Journal of Statistics and Probability   ISSN 1927-7032(Print)   ISSN 1927-7040(Online)

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