Factors Influencing College-Level EFL Students’ Language Learning Strategies in Saudi Arabia


  •  Sulaiman Alnujaidi    

Abstract

This study investigated the factors that influence college-level EFL students’ Language Learning Strategies (LLS) in Saudi Arabia. A survey of 178 participants from different higher education institutions in Saudi Arabia was conducted. A Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was employed to identify the most frequently used LLS and to investigate the difference between students’ demographic variables and their use of LLS. The study’s results revealed that the majority of participants fell in the age category between (18-22) years old, were in their 4th year of college, were Saudi nationals, and majored in TESL/TEFL. The findings also showed that participants’ overall use of LLS was average (medium). The study investigated the six LLS among participants and revealed that Metacognitive Strategies were the most frequently used strategies while Affective Strategies were the least frequently used strategies. The results also indicated that there was an overall statistically significant difference in LLS based on participants’ gender. However, the findings found that age, college level, nationality, and major did not have any statistically significant effect on the six LLS.



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