The Variant of “Ech” to “Ek” among Residents of Irbid Governorate in Light of Gender and Age

Nedal Rashed Odeh Al-Masaeed


The main objective of the study was to examine the variant of the sound (ech) to (ek) among residents of Irbid governorate in light of both gender and age. Sample of the study consisted of nine participants (5 females and 4 males) selected using purposeful sampling from the families residing in Irbid governorate. The sample was from different age groups. The researcher used a qualitative interview to collect data. Results of the study indicated that “ech” variant to “ek” was more apparent among youth participants. It was found that this age group used more “ek” compared to “ech” as they were in more contact with people who do not use “ech” in their speech. It was also found that female participants use more “ek” sound variation compared to males among youth and middle age participants, but not among elderly. The study concluded with some recommendations.

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International Journal of English Linguistics   ISSN 1923-869X (Print)   ISSN 1923-8703 (Online)   E-mail:

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