Adsorption Behavior of Trace Beryllium (II) onto Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Dispersed in Water

Shoichi Katsuta, Naoki Kanaya, Kotaro Bessho, Hideaki Monjushiro

Abstract


Radioactive trace 7Be produced in cooling water systems for high-energy accelerators is known to be captured by metal-oxide colloidal nanoparticles generated through corrosion of metal components in water. This study is aimed at investigating the adsorption behavior of trace Be2+ onto various oxide nanoparticles (Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2, Fe2O3, CoO, and CuO) dispersed in water at 25 °C in order to clarify the tendency and features of the interaction of Be2+ with metal oxides. From pH dependence of the distribution ratio of Be2+ between the nanoparticle phase and the aqueous solution phase, the surface complexation constants (βs,n) have been determined for the reaction of Be2+ with the hydroxyl groups on the oxide surface (>S−OH), i.e., Be2+ + n >S−OH ⇄ (>S−O)nBe(2−n)+ + n H+. The n values are generally 1 and 2 and the sequences of the βs,n values are Fe2O3 > TiO2 » Al2O3 > SiO2 for βs,1 and Fe2O3 > TiO2 > SiO2 > Al2O3 >> CoO » CuO for βs,2. The dependences of the the βs,n values on the kind of oxide are explained based on the electronegativity of the metal (or Si) composing the oxide.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijc.v9n4p62

 

International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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