In Vitro Effects of Arthrocen, an Avocado/Soy Unsaponifiables Agent, on Inflammation and Global Gene Expression in Human Monocytes

Jared F Taylor, Ramin Goudarzi, Puya G Yazdi, Brian Allen Pedersen


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. Symptomatically characterized by stiffness and pain, OA is a chronic degenerative disease of joints. Of note, there is growing interest in the potential use of plant-based compounds for symptomatic treatment of OA. Arthrocen is a plant-derived agent consisting of a one to two ratio of avocado and soy unsaponifiable extracts. In order to decipher the potential mechanisms of Arthrocen's action at the molecular level, we employed an in vitro assay using cultured human THP-1 cells (a model cell line for monocytes) to study its effects. By pairing protein arrays enriched for inflammatory markers, transcriptomic pathway analysis using RNA-Sequencing, and eicosanoid specific lipidomics, we have begun to unravel its potential mechanism of action. Specifically, we found that Arthrocen can attenuate the inflammatory response at the transcript level while inducing significant changes in numerous cytokines. Furthermore, we discovered that while Arthrocen alone did not increase IL-8 or MCP-1 levels, its presence had a synergistic effect on the observed increase in response to LPS stimulation. Additionally, this synergistic effect of Arthrocen on LPS stimulation of IL-8 and MCP-1 protein levels was also observed at the mRNA level and suggests a regulatory mechanism at the transcriptional level. Interestingly, Arthrocen induced no changes in any of the eicosanoids studied. This multi-omics approach implies that Arthrocen functions at the level of gene transcription to dampen inflammation mediated by monocytes in OA.

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International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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