A Hypothetical Model for the Formation of Transition Metal Carbonyl Clusters Based upon 4n Series Skeletal Numbers
- Enos Kiremire
Skeletal numbers of elements have been introduced as derivatives of the 4n series method. They are based on the number of valence electrons present in the skeletal element. They are extremely useful in deducing possible shapes of skeletal elements in molecules or clusters especially the small to medium ones. For large skeletal clusters, the skeletal numbers may simply be regarded as identity numbers. In carbonyl clusters, they can be used as a guide to facilitate the distribution of the ligands such as CO, H and charges onto the skeletal atoms. A naked skeletal cluster may be viewed as a reservoir for skeletal linkages which get utilized when ligands or electrons get bound to it. The sum of linkages used up by the ligands bound to a skeletal fragment and the remaining cluster skeletal numbers is equal to the number of the skeletal linkages present in the original ‘naked parent’ skeletal cluster. The skeletal numbers can be used as a quick way of testing whether or not a skeletal atom obeys the 8-or 18-electron rules.
- Albert JohnEditorial Assistant