Photocatalytic Degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in Irradiated Aqueous ZnO Suspension


  •  Umar Gaya    
  •  Abdul Abdullah    
  •  Zulkarnain Zainal    
  •  Mohd Hussein    

Abstract

This paper focuses on the destruction of aqueous 2,4-dichorophenol in ZnO suspension irradiated by low wattage UV
light at 299 K. The operating variables studied include initial 2,4-dichlorophenol concentration, photocatalyst doses and
pH. At 1.5 g l-1 feed concentration of ZnO and 50 mg l-1 initial 2,4-dichlorophenol level, a complete degradation was
achieved in 180 min. The decomposition kinetics with respect to 2,4-dichlorophenol approximates pseudo zero-order
with rate constant peaking at 0.38 mg l-1 min-1. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas
chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detected benzoquinone, 2-chlorohydroquinone, 4-chlorophenol,
3,5-dichlorocatechol, hydroquinone, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and phenol during the ZnO-assisted photodegradation of
2,4-dichlorophenol among which some pathway products are disclosed for the first time. The reaction mechanism
accounting for the degradation pathway intermediates is proposed. Inorganic anion additives such as S2O8
2-, SO4
2-, Cland
HPO4
2- manifested inhibition against 2,4-dichlorophenol removal.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • Issn(Print): 1916-9698
  • Issn(Onlne): 1916-9701
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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