Chemical Synthesis and NMR Characterization of Non Steroidal Mimics of an Estradiol Derivative Used as Inhibitor of 17beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1
- Guy Bertrand Djigoué
- René Maltais
- Charles Ouellet
- Alexandre Trottier
- Donald Poirier
AbstractInhibiting estradiol (E2) biosynthesis through 17?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17?-HSD1) inhibitors is a promising strategy for breast cancer therapy. We have designed a non-steroidal template to mimic CC-156, a potent steroidal inhibitor of 17?-HSD1. Starting from tetrahydro-isoquinolinol hydrobromide, two representative compounds were synthesized in six chemical steps: protection of the amino group, protection of the phenol, hydrolysis of the N-protecting group Fmoc, nucleophilic substitution to introduce an ethyloxirane, phenolysis with meta or para hydroxybenzamide and the hydrolysis of the MOM protecting group. Although the compounds showed a good fit when docked in the catalytic site of the enzyme, conserving the key interactions with amino acids His221 and Ser142, observed from the crystalline structure of inhibitor CC-156 with 17?-HSD1, they weakly inhibited 17?-HSD1. However, they did not show estrogenic activity when tested in vitro, suggesting the potential of this non-steroidal template for drug design. Furthermore, the synthetic approach reported here opens a door to the preparation of additional non-steroidal mimics of E2 derivatives, which could be tested on 17?-HSD1 and others biological targets.
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- Albert JohnEditorial Assistant