The impact of leadership styles on four variables of executives workforce
- EKATERINI GALANOU
Purpose: Leadership is widely considered to be an important aspect of organizing and there are several reasons to suggest that managerial styles are of particular relevance in this context. However, there is a dearth of both theoretical and empirical work on leadership styles and their subsequent effects on middle managers’ organizational commitment, their job satisfaction, their communication and their managerial effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to report the findings of an empirical study exploring the relationship between four prominent models of leadership and the fundamental organizational features such as commitment, satisfaction, communication and effectiveness, regarding a variety of measures of variables such as the organizational structure (i.e. the type of branch) and the managers’ individual traits (i.e. the age, the education level).
Design/Methodology: The study is based on a multi-variate analysis of data from a survey of a 190 Greek Bank middle managers.
Findings: The results reveal that, the spectrum of four leadership styles containing basic characteristics, such as the type of branches, the age and educational level are inter-related with communication, commitment, satisfaction, and effectiveness.
Research Limitations/Implications: Limitations include the self-report methodology that measures perceptual data with a series of questionnaire items.
Originality/ value: The paper is original research that identifies the characteristics of an organization linked to selected demographic (personal and professional ) variables of middle managers on their managerial style.
Keywords: Middle Managers, Leadership Style, Job Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Team Communication, Managerial Effectiveness, Quantitative Research
Paper type: Research paper
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