Rickettsia spp. and its Effects on the Physiology and Behaviour of Dermacentor Variabilis

Amal El Nabbout, James Kho, Vett Lloyd, Tatiana Rossolimo

Abstract


The genus Rickettsia is home to a number of species of endobacteria that infect vertebrates as well as invertebrates, some of these species being pathogenic. Rickettsia bacteria are transmitted to mammals by Dermacentor variabilis ticks in North America, but while pathogenic effects in mammals have been well described, the effect of the bacteria in ticks is less well explored. Experiments were performed to determine how the physiology and behaviour of the Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Arachnida: Ixodidae) are affected by infection with Rickettsia bacteria. DNA analysis was used to determine the presence of Rickettsia genus in ticks. The supercooling point (SCP), fat content, and temperature preference were compared between infected and uninfected ticks. Infection incidence with Rickettsia spp. was 45.8% in males, 46.4% in unengorged females and 48.3 % in engorged females. Eggs were more resistant to freezing, followed by larvae, then adult ticks. There was no change in the temperature preference between males vs. engorged females, and females vs. engorged females. The presence of Rickettsia spp. did not significantly affect supercooling point, fat content and water content. However, there was a difference between infected and uninfected females, both engorged and unengorged, in temperature preference. We conclude that in both, engorged and unengorged female ticks, Rickettsia bacteria affect their behaviour but not physiology.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijb.v9n2p39

Copyright (c) Amal El Nabbout, James Kho, Vett Lloyd, Tatiana Rossolimo

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

International Journal of Biology   ISSN 1916-9671(Print)   ISSN 1916-968X  (Online)   Email: ijb@ccsenet.org

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