Extraction and Analysis of Tetrahydrocannabinol, A Cannabis Compound in Oral Fluid

  •  Wei Zhang    
  •  Jun Wang    
  •  Zhiyuan Mi    
  •  Jiangtao Su    
  •  Xiangyu You    
  •  Gizem Keceli    
  •  Yucheng Wang    
  •  Rui Cao    
  •  Hong C. Lai    


Although misuse and abuse of Cannabis is well known, the health benefits have been proved by various biomedical studies. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the major active substance in leaves of Cannabis, which is the common target for drug testing. In field drug testing, oral fluid (OF) has its unique advantages over other specimens such as blood, urine, and hair. Thus the study of THC in OF is gaining popularity in Cannabis research. In this review, extraction methods are introduced in three categories, which are Liquid-Liquid Extraction (LLE), Solid Phase Extraction (SPE), and Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE). Examples of application with each method will be covered. Advantages and disadvantages of these methods will be compared. In addition, methods in analysis following extraction will be briefly discussed.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9671
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-968X
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: quarterly

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