Multidimensional Parents' Action on Adolescents Academic Achievement in Malaysia

Koh William Siaw Yen, ONG SAW LAN


This paper is an initial examination of the norm activities of what parents do at home to their adolescence school-going children and eventually how these factors contribute to their academic achievement. The notion that parental involvement was crucial to their children academic achievement and well being was reinvestigated by utilizing a different approach – parents’ actions. The end product of the research was a reliable and valid instrument SPAQ1 (Students’ Parents Actions Questionnaire I). SPAQ1 also exhibited a good model fit. Recommendations for future research were forwarded.

Keywords: Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Measurement model, Parents Actions Instrument


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Copyright (c) 2010 Koh William Siaw Yen, ONG SAW LAN

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Education Studies ISSN 1913-9020 (Print), ISSN 1913-9039 (Online)


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