An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Characteristics and Formative Evaluation of Training

Muhammad Zahid Iqbal

Abstract


<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:SimSun; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-alt:??; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;} @font-face {font-family:"\@SimSun"; panose-1:2 1 6 0 3 1 1 1 1 1; mso-font-charset:134; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:3 680460288 22 0 262145 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:justify; mso-pagination:none; font-size:10.5pt; mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:SimSun; mso-font-kerning:1.0pt; mso-fareast-language:ZH-CN;} @page Section1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> This paper attempted to signify the use of formative training evaluation. The authors carried out a study at three public-sector training institutions to empirically test the predicted relationship between training characteristics and formative training evaluation under the Kirkpatrick model i.e. reaction and learning. In addition, to study the causal linkage between components of formative training evaluation, the mediating role of reaction in the relationships between training characteristics and learning was also investigated. The principal finding revealed that set of seven training characteristics explained 59% and 61% variance in reaction and learning respectively. All training characteristics were found to have positive impact on reaction and learning except training contents. For reaction, the most influencing training characteristic was training method followed by training management, training objectives, training environment, and trainer whereas for learning, the greatest variation was also explained by training methods but followed by trainer, training management, training environment, and training material. Moreover, reaction partially mediated the relationships between each training characteristic and learning. The study concluded with areas of future research emphasizing on linking formative evaluation with summative one i.e. behavior and results.

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International Business Research  ISSN 1913-9004 (Print), ISSN 1913-9012 (Online)

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