The Influence of Ethical Climate on Job Attitudes: A Study on Nurses in Egypt
- Wageeh Nafei
Background: Ethical Climate (EC) has emerged as one of the major approaches to the description of the ethical characteristics of workplace environments.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of EC on Job Satisfaction (JS) and Organizational Commitment (OC) of nurses at Teaching Hospitals in Egypt.
Research Design/Methodology: Using Victor and Cullen's (1988) typology of EC and JA, the study develops a number of hypotheses and tests them on a sample of 340 nurses from Teaching Hospitals in Egypt. Statistically usable questionnaires amounted to 295 as multiple follow-ups are produced. Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) was used to confirm the research hypotheses.
Findings: EC significantly and positively influenced JS and OC. Overall, respondents reported high OC and this contributes to fostering JS and reducing turnover intention.
Practical implications: The study suggests that a hospital can improve JS and OC by influencing its EC, specifically, by developing the caring, law and code, rule, instrumentality, and independence climate.Originality/value: The study observes that there is a critical shortage of nurses in Egypt and that a greater understanding of the factors that influence nurses' turnover, including JS, is of great importance. Therefore, this study is to examine the relationship between EC and JA among nurses in Egypt.
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