Impacts of Perceived Role Demands on Psychological Well-Being and the Moderating Effect of Gender: the Case of Public Service Professionals in Sri Lanka
- Rajagopalasingam, V.
- Fernando, R. L. S.
- Ramanayake, U. B.
The purpose of this study was to examine the level of psychological well-being among professionals and to determine the individual and combined impacts of perceived work, family and social role demands on psychological well-being and also to analyze the moderating effect of gender between perceived role demands and psychological well-being relationships. This research was designed based on both quantitative and cross sectional in nature. The data for the present study were collected through questionnaire survey and stratified random sampling techniques from a total of 386 Sri Lankan professionals of Chartered Engineers, Medical Officers and Accountants representing in the public service organizations in Sri Lanka. Multiple regression using SPSS 23 and Structural Equation Modeling in Amos 21 were used to analyze data. The results elucidated that professionals possess moderate level of psychological well-being. There is significant negative causal impacts of perceived work, family and social demands on psychological well-being. The degree of combined effects of perceived role demands were significantly impacts on Psychological Well-being. Furthermore, gender has significant moderation effect between perceived role demands and psychological well-being relationship. The limitation of this study was that of cross-sectional and all measures were self-reported that common method variance may influence the findings. This study is significance to professionals, employees, family members, human resource managers, medical officers, psychologist, policy makers and researchers to address the needs of employees regarding psychological well-being issues. This is one of the few studies to provide empirical evidence of social demands on psychological well-being in a collectivist cultural context of Sri Lanka. The value of this paper contributes to the understanding of individual and combined impacts of perceived work, family and social role demands on psychological well-being. Further studies using longitudinal design would be useful in establishing the temporal order of relationship among variables.
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